What Organs are Affected by Prostate Cancer?

July 19, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the malignancy of the prostate gland in which cancer develops in the chestnut-shaped organ of the male reproductive system located next to the bladder and surrounding the urethra. This carcinoma occurs when cells of the prostate mutate and begin to multiply uncontrollably, sometimes metastasizing from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes, especially when left unchecked; often causing pain, difficulty in urinating, problems during sexual intercourse, erectile dysfunction and other symptoms that can potentially develop during later stages of the disease.

The prostate gland is a walnut-sized organ located under the bladder in males, which surrounds the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis and produces a secretion known as prostate fluid that makes up most of the liquid part of semen.

The prostate gland is composed of glandular tissue and muscle tissue. The glandular tissue produces prostate fluid and the muscle tissue helps in male ejaculation at orgasm. The prostate fluid helps to keep sperm found in semen healthy and lively, increasing the chances of fertilization in sex.

What Organs Do prostate cancer Affect?

Naturally, the organ most affected by prostate cancer is the prostate gland itself, in which the malignancy begins. As the condition gets worse, the gland is no longer able to perform its functions effectively; and as the cells mutate and the tumor starts to grow, the prostate starts to swell. Often this is how the doctors and diagnostic specialists are able to tell that they may be cancer in your prostate after a DRE ? Direct Rectal Examination ? test.

A larger tumor often results in a swollen prostate, or prostate enlargement, which in itself constitutes a problem. The enlargement of the prostate, which is considered to be a normal course of aging in men, usually causes the urethra to swell shut. When this happens prematurely as a result of a growing prostate malignancy, a lot of pain ensues, accompanied by bloody urine and difficulty in achieving and maintaining a steady stream. If the tumor is benign, as with a BPH, a transurethral resection of the prostate will do the trick, otherwise, a prostatectomy may have to be effected.

Late stage prostate cancer has the mutated cells of the tumor metastasizing to other parts of the body, most especially the lymphatic system, resulting in swelling. Bone metastasis of prostate malignant tumor also causes much bone pain in the hips, thigh, lower back region, and in the ribs. But the worst effect, by perception, for most men with prostate kind of cancer is impotence in which they suffer erectile dysfunction either as a result of the disease or in response to treatment.

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