Prostate Gland and Cancer

July 13, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

Even if you are looking for specific information on treatment for enlarged prostate gland in dogs, this article will help you understand the subject much better than you knew before. Even if you want to know about how surgery on a prostate gland works, you will learn something helpful herein.

First things first, learning generally about the prostate gland will help you get understand prostate cancers more, even if you desire to know about enlarged gland prostate treatment. You see, the prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system and an important organ in the production of semen fluid, which helps to carry sperm from the testicles for safe delivery to the female uterus during and after sexual intercourse. It is a chestnut-shaped male organ located next to the bladder and surrounding the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis. The prostate gland measures about 1.2 in across, and is composed of glandular tissue for the production of prostate fluid, and muscular tissue for ejaculation at the climax of sexual arousal.

But far from being a strapping organ in the male body, there are actually a lot of disorders and diseases that may affect the prostate glands of men of whatever age, the most common being benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short. It is noncancerous in nature, of unknown cause, and causes the prostate to increase in size while constricting the urethra and causing partial obstruction of the bladder.

Another common disease of the prostate is prostatitis, an inflammatory condition most common in men between 20 and 50 years of age. Nonbacterial prostatitis is most common, causing pelvic pain, problems with urination, discomfort after ejaculation, and lower back pain; and possibly caused by viruses, prostate muscle spasm, backflow of urine through prostate ducts, and/or psychological disturbances; and treated by antibiotics or antispasmodics, or both.

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Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial that causes swelling, pain, and difficulty in urinating, while the penis releases bacterial fluid, and sometimes blood in urine; treated with antibiotics, which sometimes does not work.

By far the most dreaded prostate infection is prostate cancer, most commonly occurring in elderly men and the second most common cause of cancer-related death in men all over the United States. You never see it coming because prostate cancer causes few symptoms in its early stages, if any. However, the worse it gets, it can also cause difficulties with urination and bleeding in the urinary tract, while metastasizing to other areas of the body, causing pain and sometimes inflammation all the way. More or less all of these conditions have the same symptoms: frequent urination, nighttime urination, a feeling of urgency to urinate, difficulty emptying the bladder, and a weak urinary stream; not to mention the blood, the erectile dysfunction, and the difficulty in having sexual intercourse brought about by painful ejaculation.

Seeing as they all have such similar symptoms, it is easy to understand how critical it is to be able to tell one prostate infection from the other. Before you begin to panic and worry that you may have prostate cancer, you might at least want to let the doctor do their diagnostic thing first and give you a verdict. A digital rectal examination, testing for abnormally high blood levels of the prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, as well as a prostate biopsy, are all techniques used in prostate cancer diagnosis. And for treatment options for prostate cancer, you can have hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgical procedures. Your call. The prostate gland and cancer may have an affinity for each other, but so can other diseases as well. Getting informed will help you detect the condition in good time and even survive it because early detection is very important.

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