Prostate Cancer – Why It Is Such an Important Issue

April 21, 2012 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

You might have known by now that prostate cancer affects millions of men today. This is discovery is significant as it affects both the individuals and their families. Therefore, every necessary step should be taken to ensure that individuals undergo early diagnosis so as to increase their chances of getting better treatment. This article reviews prostate cancer as a condition that should not be overlooked.

Prostate cancer is simply the cancer growth that originates from the tissues of the prostate gland. This gland forms part of the male reproductive system. In other words, the gland, which is walnut size, is found in men. It is located near the neck of the bladder and surrounds the Urethra pipe through which urine passes out from the body.

Cancerous growth on the prostate gland is slow, however researches have shown that some growths are more aggressive and metastasize faster into various regions of the body. The symptoms of prostate cancer in the early stages are most often hidden. They are similar to symptoms of other diseases that affect the prostate gland – like the Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).Most notable symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • Increase urination at night
  • frequent urination
  • painful urination
  • blood in the urine
  • blood in the semen
  • Urinary dysfunction
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction, etc.

Thus, from the above list you will observe that the symptoms of prostate cancer affects how the person passes urine and how he perform sex .In both ways, there are painful and difficult experiences.

Causes of prostate cancer

The factors that cause prostate cancer are not one. The most significant factors include: age, genetics, diet, and ethnicity. Men who are old (50 and above) usually have their prostate enlarged; they are more likely to be affected with prostate cancer than younger men. It has been widely reported that the prevalence of prostate cancer is higher in men who are of African American Origin than Caucasians. Eating of diets that contains high amount of animal fats promote the growth of cancer cells in the body. A man with a family history of prostate cancer is at risk of developing the disease.

Apart from the above causes, other risk factors of prostate cancer include: excessive alcohol intake, exposures to Agent Orange, exposures to chemicals used in paints, exposures to cadmium, etc.

Common treatments for prostate cancer

The treatments for prostate cancer depend on the staging or Gleason score for it. When the cancer is at early stage or is localized within the prostate tissues, the use of surgery or radical prostatectomy can be prescribed to remove the gland (a man can survive without the prostate gland). Another effective treatment for early stage prostate cancer is the application of various forms of radiation treatments.

When cancer has metastasized or spread to other parts of the body, it has advanced and becomes more dangerous. The treatments usually employed in this respect include: hormonal therapy and chemotherapy. The use of immunotherapy is another treatment option prescribed to treat cancer that has become severe.

So, prostate cancer is a disease that should be taken seriously. New cases are diagnosed in men every year and many die from it. It is the second largest killer cancer in men after lung cancer. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, it is important that you contact your doctor diagnosis and treatment. You are likely to undergo the following diagnostic methods: PSA (prostate-specific Antigen) test, Digital Rectal Examination, Tissue Biopsy, CT scan, and Bone scan.

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