Stages of Prostrate Cancer – The Physiological Progress

It is important to understand the physical and chemical processes that are involved in the occurrence, growth, and metastasis of prostate condition cells if one is going to understand the choices of course of action proposed to one by an oncologist after prostate cancer diagnosis and staging. Sincerely, this is not as easy to do as the statement of the fact might suggest, especially because the actual mechanism that contributes to the progression of this cancerous tumor is not clear and may vary between individual patients.

This disorder in which malignancies develop in the prostate gland occurs when the cells of the organ mutate and begin to multiply uncontrollably. The reason for the mutation is not known, but there are several risk factors that have been identified as having some kind of causal effect on the incidence of the anomaly. In addition, some possible mechanisms have been proposed, by research specialists in prostate cancer study. One considers the occurrence of androgens at concentrations in which they are no longer needed or employed; another scenario looks at the obviousness of the contribution of diet and lifestyle choices; and so on and so forth.

The critical fact is that early stage prostate cancer can be missed because it bears no symptoms ? it may remain that way for several years undetected, gathering momentum until it is ready to metastasize through the bloodstream and the lymphatic system to the bones and the rest of the body. In the early stage, hormonal therapy works well to arrest the disease, while surgery may be required to extract the shrunken cells from the prostate. Also, radiation treatment is a great treatment on its own, and a brilliant follow up to hormone treatment for prostate type of cancer.

However, once the cells have spread beyond the prostate, they tend to be more aggressive and invasive, gathering momentum and rapidly infecting the bones of the spinal column, the pelvis, the thigh, and the ribs. This stage of prostate disease is worrisome because it is that much harder to treat. Again, other already outlined processes may be employed to treat the disorder, but usually with more hostility. Chemotherapy and immunotherapy actually have a great deal to offer in such an application, but specialists are often skeptical about the sarcomas no relapsing a few short years after the completion of therapy.

Advanced stage metastatic prostate cancer cells tend to pile up in the vertebral column, compressing the spinal cord and causing leg weakness and urinary and fecal incontinence. The mutated cells are usually hormone refractory in nature, so that their physiological progress may not be stoppable by hormone therapy. In several cases, particularly if the patient is well advanced in age, palliative care may be contemplated, in which focus is placed more on extending his life and relieving the symptoms of the melanoma than on curing the prostate cancer.

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