Prostate Cancer Stages – All You Need To Know

Early stage prostate cancer could walk right by you without you ever being any wiser because the carcinoma is totally bereft of symptoms and warning signs at that time. However, by the time the malignancy of the cells of the prostate gland have mutated and grown to the late and advanced stages, they can hardly even still be related to the prostate because they would have spread so far from it, causing you severe bone pain, impotence, incontinence, and even paralysis.

This article breaks down the established stages of prostate cancer so that you can know them once and for all. You should be advised that many symptoms of the disease also appears as indicators for lesser ailments and disorders of the prostate, such as infections and benign prostate hypertrophy; and you may never be able to diagnose the melanoma yourself without the aid of an oncologist; but you certainly will want to know what to expect, as we all do.

There are four stages of prostate cancer

In Stage I, the cancer is still confined to the prostate gland and the tumor cannot even yet be detected through a digital rectal examination (DRE). At this stage, the only way to determine if the patient has cancer of the prostate is if the melanoma is discovered accidentally, perhaps if the patient happens to undergo surgery for an entirely different reason. A benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common prostate disease, a noncancerous condition of unknown cause in which the gland increase in size from 20 g to as large as 150 g, constricting the urethra, causing a partial obstruction of the bladder, and often resulting in bladder wall thickening and urination problems.

These factors may cause symptoms similar to those of prostate cancer, such as frequent and nighttime urination, urgency to urinate, difficulty emptying the bladder, and a weak urinary stream; and one of the several treatment options for BPH is the standard surgical procedure for removing the enlarged tissue in the prostate called the Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate (TURP).

In Stage II, the malignant cells would have reached an advanced form but they are still largely confined to the prostate gland. However, a DRE would likely notice them and call for the PSA test and perhaps a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. One the diagnosis is sure, staging is done to determine metastasis before treatment is accorded.

Stage III prostate cancer has spread outside of the prostate to a point where it might affect the seminal vesicles, although it has not spread to the adjacent lymph nodes from the pelvic area. Even then, it may still be considered treatable or even curable to a reasonable degree.

A Stage IV adenoma of the prostate typically spreads beyond the seminal vesicles; it often affects the lymph nodes, and in many cases it would have reached the pelvic muscles and organs by the time it is observed. During a biopsy, the mutation of the cells in the extracted tissue is graded by how much they differ from healthy prostate cells and the growth rate of the tumor, usually with the Gleason System, all as part of the staging of the disease.

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