Prostate Cancer Final Stages – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of stages III and IV

Knowing the stages of prostate cancer is critical to helping a patient decide on the best treatments he should have when he is diagnosed with the condition. The previous article explored two of the classified stages of the malignancy and this article ventures into the later two.

Stage III – There are a lot of similarities between stage II and stage III prostate cancers, the first being that in both cases the tumors are still more or less confined to the prostate gland. In stage III, the adenocarcinoma is naturally a lot bigger, and is probably starting to cause outward symptoms by this time. Previously, the patient may never have even felt s twinge as to the presence of the disease; but by this time, he would be suffering from both urinary and sexual difficulties, and he may even have begun to see blood in his urine and in his semen.

Diagnosing this stage of prostate cancer practically follows the same procedures lined out for stage II as well, but in the process of staging, other tests that have to be conducted, include- the magnetic resonance imaging and the computer tomography scans, which will detect that the cancer has started to filter into the bloodstream. Treatment may therefore require steps to slow (and possibly reverse) disease progression.

Stage IV – This stage of the disease is further broken into two parts, D1 and D2. prostate cancer stage IV D1 is only locally advanced, out of the prostate gland but still in the vicinity of the organ. The lymphatic system is probably invaded by now, as well as the pelvis. Doctors are rarely optimistic about this, but they still offer treatments that could stop the disease to some extent.

Stage IV D2 prostate cancer is not a nice place to be. At the very least, the disease has metastasized to very far out regions of the body by now – the bones of the vertebral column, the bones of the upper legs (thigh/femur), the bones of the ribs, and probably even further out. This bone metastasis often results in extensive and excruciating bone pain, as well as spontaneous fracturing of the bones. As far as most professionals are concerned, this stage of the disease is incurable, but they could still offer treatments to prolong the life of the patient by slowing the progression of the disease.

Life expectancy with late stage prostate cancer is not much either, most specialists putting it at somewhere around seven years. Recent times are beginning to present treatment procedures that might further extend that figure, but in spite of that most pros remain skeptical about providing medications (and false hopes) for someone who is doomed to die.

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