Cancer Prostrate Stage – symptoms, diagnoses and treatment of stages I and II

This article is about the stages of prostate cancer, their characteristics, symptoms, and the best treatments available for them. It is aimed at helping people to make the right decisions about what they have to do when they are at risk of prostate cancer or once they receive a diagnosis and staging of the disease.

Stage I – At this point, it is virtually impossible to detect the disease because the tumor is not big enough to be distinguished by a direct rectal examination, and the prostate specific antigen level in the blood of the patient is not likely to over 4.0ng/ml just yet. A biopsy might confirm the suspicions, but only if the right portion of prostate tissue is extracted for examination underneath a microscope. The only way to be totally sure is if the tumor is observed by surgery, which is unreasonable unless it is being done for some other cogent medical reason such as a transurethral resection of the prostate to deal with a benign prostate hyperplasia.

Naturally the disease is most curable at this stage and at reduced risk to the patient. As a matter of fact, hormonal therapy, which is considered a control and not a cure for prostate malignant tumor may cause the tumor to recede into virtual nothingness; otherwise a radical prostatectomy will take once and for all good care of it. Most of the side effects of prostate cancerous tumor interventions are not even that likely to be present once the treatment is completed, although that is not guaranteed.

Stage II – Most patients are diagnosed with stage II prostate cancer, which is often when the cancerous tumor is large enough to be felt by a DRE. Of course it may only be an enlarged prostate, a natural symptom of aging, or it could be BPH, or some other prostate disorder. For this reason, the PSA test may also be done to determine if the blood markers are raised. Any number of prostate disorders could raise the blood PSA level above safe limits too, so the biopsy may have to be done as well.

A biopsy is more or less the best diagnostic procedure for confirming prostate disease in a patient; and it is determined to be at stage II, treatment may be stalled to see how fast or aggressively the disease is advancing, or to compare that to the age of the patient. In some cases, it may be perceived that the patient is not at risk of suffering symptoms of prostate cancer before some other cause takes him to his death. Otherwise, the treatment that may be afforded could range from prostatectomy to radiation therapy, or perhaps a little bit of hormone treatment first of all.

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