Advance Prostate Cancer – Understanding This Type of Prostate Cancer

June 16, 2012 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer Stages

Many die from prostate cancer and this is usually due to the fact that their condition has spread to different parts of the body.

When prostate cancer metastasizes or spreads from the tissues of the prostate to other parts of the body affecting other important tissue that is often referred to as advanced prostate cancer.

It is important you get a general understanding of this type of prostate cancer and this is what this article will do.

What is advanced prostate cancer?

This is the type of that has spread beyond the prostate gland. There are two types of prostate cancer, these include: locally advanced prostate cancer and metastatic prostate cancer. Locally advanced prostate cancer occurs when the spread of the malignant tumor is outside the prostate gland, however, it still remains it still remains within the seminal vesicles and prostate region.

The symptoms associated with this type of spread include:  urinary incontinence, hematuria (blood appearing in the urine), hemospermia (blood appearing in the sperm), and pain in the loin.

Metastatic advanced prostate cancer is that which has spread to regions that are far tissues or organs in the bone. This may take many years to happen but it is the most advanced stage of the condition and easily leads to low survival chance for the individual.

The associated symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer include: weight loss, fatigue, enlargement of the nymph node, lethargy, bone pain, pelvic pain, paraplegia, skin and bowel bleeding etc.

Treatment of advanced prostate cancer

If advanced prostate cancer has been diagnosed in a man, then it becomes necessary to start providing the most effective treatments. Hormone therapy is usually the first type of treatments to be applied. This treatment helps to block or inhibit the production of the hormone testosterone.

This is the type of hormone that encourages the growth of cancer cells. Hormone therapy can be applied in two ways: one is through Orchiectomy (surgical removal of the testicles) and the second approach is through the applications of hormone inhibiting medications (oral and injections).

Most types of advanced prostate cancer may become resistant to hormone therapy and there would be need for follow up treatments. These treatments include: palliative radiotherapy, chemotherapy, Bisphosphonates, Estrogen treatment, etc.

Finally, there are side effects associated with the use of a particular treatment for advanced prostate cancer. You should discuss with your doctor about these side effect.

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