Prostate Cancer Recurrence and Symptoms

July 19, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is hard to detect in early stages because of the absence of symptoms at that time. Men who should come in to have the symptoms checked do not know because the indicators are not there; the result is that the disease has a chance to fester and grow.

When the symptoms begin to appear, they often start with painful urination and sex, especially at ejaculation. Soon the patient begins to see blood in their urine and their sperm. As the malignancy continues to progress, it is usual for a patient to begin to feel swelling in his lymph nodes that he might mistake for lymphoma. However, it would only be the prostate cancer metastasizing to that region. Soon his entire pelvis will be inflamed and he will complain of pain in his hips.

Prostate cancer cells tend to spread preferably to the bones, starting from the pelvis and working their way up and down to the bones of the spinal column and the ribs, and to the femur respectively. Again, there are patients who think of this as some kind of bone cancer, especially since the pain in the thighbone seems so much like it is radiating from the knee, the way it does with bone cancer. This is however just metastatic prostate malignant cancer.

The later stages of the disease are characterized with increased pain and erectile dysfunction. As the cancerous cells multiply and spread, they begin to compile at the base of the spinal column, pressing against the spinal cord. It is common as a response to this, to have the patient begin to experience troubles in holding his bladder and bowel movements in place, leading to fecal and urinary incontinence. Impotence is also practically inevitable by this time.

As long as the cancer is diagnosed early, they can ‘cure’ it. This implies that there are treatment procedures for early stage prostate cancer that can take out the melanoma and cause the patient to go into remission. Hormonal therapy is one such good technique, except that the disease can adapt to it and become even more malignant; radiation therapy also works, but it may have to be combined with another intervention. The specialists would rather just cut the mutated cells out and be done with it, but the risks of surgery and the respective disposition of various patients might deter them.

One of the biggest concerns of physicians is the possibility of recurrence of the disease and its symptoms. This however rests on how early the condition is diagnosed, how accurately it is staged, and how effective the treatment procedure directed at it is. All of these factors have to be adequately in place so that mistakes are not made that costs the patient a great deal.

Early stage prostate cancerous tumorthat is adequately treated hardly ever recurs within the first five years, and even after ten years, the chances that the patient remains prostate cancer free, and without any symptoms are as high as 93%, which is a good number anyhow you look at it.

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