Prostate Cancer 101 – What you should Know

December 11, 2012 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer News

You have been hearing about prostate cancer and have been wondering what it is about, now you should really get basic understanding of the condition.

A cancer is a malignant tumor that divides and multiplies in any cell of the body.

Aggressive cancers tend to metastasize and invade healthy cells, tissues and organs of the body, thereby causing ill health or quick death to the patient.

If cancer originates from the prostate gland, then it is known as prostate gland. Men only could have prostate cancer because the prostate gland is only associated with men.

More details about what prostate cancer is have been highlighted in the following excerpts from an article published December 8 in New Vision ( a Ugandan online Daily):

Q: Dear Doctor,

What is prostate cancer? What are the causes, symptoms, what age bracket is at risk and how can someone avoid it?

         credit: YouTube


A: Dear Martin,

Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

In the early stages, there may be no signs or symptoms of prostate cancer. But in advanced stages, prostate cancer may present symptoms such as trouble urinating, decreased force in the urine stream, bloody urine and semen, swelling in the legs, discomfort in the pelvic area and bone pain.

It is not clear what causes prostate cancer. But doctors say the cancer begins when some cells in the prostate become abnormal.

Mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do.

The number of these abnormal cells continues increasing and forming a tumour. Some of the abnormal cells spread to other body parts.

Possible causes of the cancer include; age, race, lifestyle, certain medications and genetics.

The risk of prostate cancer increases with age and is common in men older than 55. However, you can reduce the risks by choosing a healthy diet and avoiding high-fat foods.

Exercises are said to reduce the risk of prostate cancer as they improve a person’s overall health.

See a physician for screening.


So, the above is very helpful and basic information about prostate cancer you ought to know. You have idea of the cause, the symptoms, the diagnoses, the treatments, and preventions. From the details above you can build up for more information.

If you are at risk of having prostate cancer, then it becomes important that you go for early screening.

Early detection can help your doctor start off early treatment which will increase your chance of survival. For more details on this disease, go and discuss with your doctor, urologist, or oncologist.

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