Prostate Cancer Metastasis Organs – Stage by Stage

June 24, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

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This article focuses on how prostate cancer begins in the prostate cell, and follows the process stage by stage to the point where the disease has spread throughout the body.

Prostate cancer metastasis – stage by stage

Stage I – This level or phase of the disease is not easily detectable because the cancerous tumor is so small that even a DRE ? direct rectal examination ? would likely miss it. In a DRE test, the patient bends over forward, and the doctor inserts a gloved finger into the prostate gland to determine if it is enlarged or misshapen, which might suggest further more invasive and more definitive tests. Should the doctor feel the need for a PSA test, they might be able to observe a notable spike.

Stage II – This stage of prostate cancer is when most patients (up to 90%) get diagnosed for the disease. At this time, the prostate is indeed enlarged and the oncologist is easily able to feel that enlargement with the DRE. Now because an enlarged prostate may also be the result of aging or some kind of anomaly, it is far from being a conclusive test for prostate cancer, which is why the PSA test is conducted in order to further confirm diagnosis. This test for the prostate specific antigen in the blood of the patient however could also indicate that the patient has any variety of prostate disorders from a benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) to bacterial or nonbacterial proctitis.

For this reason, even the fact that the patient’s blood PSA level is higher than 4ng/ml means nothing, except that something is wrong, until a biopsy is done. A biopsy of the prostate gland requires the extraction of tissues from the organ to be observed under a microscope. It is mildly uncomfortable but the tissue can be extracted right there in the doctor’s office.

Stage III – This is often distinguished from stage II disease by the results of the biopsy and the staging that follows. The Gleason score gotten from the biopsy combined with the PSA test results often is a sufficient indicator that the prostate cancer is still localized or locally advanced. A locally advanced prostate cancer implies that the cancer is out of the prostate but is still in the vicinity of the gland. This makes it still curable with some aggressive treatment.

Stage IV – This is most usually characterized by bone metastasis of the cancer and its spread to various other regions of the body. It is not an encouraging thought because cancer of this time may be treatable, but is not really curable, which is all too bad. For the chances of prostate cancer bone metastasis survival or bone metastatic prostate cancer 2b survival, that’s a topic for another article. But what is worth saying is this ? not every victim of stage IV died from this condition. There are still people that have survived it. If they could, you might as well, so like I always say ? stay open and seek help.

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