Prostate Cancer Md Introduction

June 26, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

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You most definitely have heard of the most common cancer after skin cancer among men living in the United States, and the second most common cause of cancer deaths, right after lung cancer in American men. Chances are that you have probably lost a close one ? uncle, father, grandpa ? to the malignancy either by death or by diagnosis. Prostate Cancer is the mutation and sudden uncontrollable multiplication of the cells of the prostate gland, located under the bladder and surrounding the urethra in males. The thing is that this disease, like more or less every other type of cancer that there is, does not stay in the prostate, but it grows and then starts to spread? hence the big problem.

According to the American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates, about three hundred thousand new cases of prostate cancer are bound to be diagnosed this year in the United States alone, and perhaps something over twenty thousand more men will die from the disease every year. Of course the death rate from prostate cancer has been dropping in recent times due to improved treatments and diagnostics, but what’s to say you wouldn’t be the next casualty before the latest miracle prostate cancer cure comes out? I hate to come at so morbidly, but it irks me too.

So, with all the more widespread screening, earlier detection, and improved treatments, you really should know what to expect once you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Is it a death sentence or is it not? How does it affect your quality of life? What are the symptoms; what are the treatments; what are your chances? Keep reading and you will find out.

There was a time when any cancer diagnosis invariably ended up in death, but that was a very long time ago. These days, there are ways to treat the disease and manage its symptoms such that you may hardly even know that you are living with it. Prostate cancer itself is not much of an aggressive sarcoma ? it is slow growing and without any symptoms in the early stages such that you could have it for years and not know. There are in fact instances in which folks die without even feeling the first of the symptoms. What’s more, as long as the cancer is still in the prostate, it’s very treatable, and even curable.

But that’s where the fun dies: once the disease starts to spread from the prostate, treatment has to be more aggressive, the risk of side effects worst still, and the chances of a relapse even higher. The symptoms often start with increase and pain in urination, but before long you could be looking at blood in urine and semen. Swollen and painful lymph nodes emerge when the cancerous cells hit the bloodstream, and it is not long after that the bone pain begins as the malignancy invades the bones. Eventually, weakness, incontinence and possibly even paralysis could occur if the cancer gets to build up against the spinal cord.

But it rarely gets that bad, really; according to the ACS, more than 90 percent of prostate cancers are discovered in early stages and because it grows slowly, the five-year survival rate for prostate cancer detected in an early stage is nearly a hundred percent. Even the ten-year prognosis still stands at ninety three percent; but the survival rate steeps a lot more sharply thereafter, and naturally the treatments hurt more.

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