Causes And Treatment Of Enlarged Prostate

Prostate enlargement also goes by a number of other names like an enlarged prostate, or benign prostate hypertrophy/hyperplasia (BPH), which many people put down as a natural symptom of aging in men. Ordinarily it is a non cancerous condition that occurs in about 80% of men that make it to 80 years old about the same frequency of the incidence of prostate cancer in the United States), which causes the prostate gland to increase in size by almost 800%.

An enlarged prostate may result actually from the growth of malignant cells in the prostate (prostate cancer) or from the cumulative effect of other ailments that have affected the prostate over the course of time. A partial obstruction of the bladder occurs, probably caused by the constriction of the urethra, which may also lead to the bladder wall thickening, and thence, urination problems. The symptoms then appear: frequent urination, nighttime urination, a feeling of urgency to urinate, difficulty emptying the bladder, and a weak urinary stream. There are others too, but these are the most common problems men encounter from prostate enlargement.

Arguably the best treatment for an enlarged prostate is a transurethral resection of the prostate. Also known simply as TURP, this surgical procedure requires a small instrument ? the cystoscope ? being placed into the penis to cut off the blocking prostate. Of course it is aimed at treating benign tumors and it is hardly appropriate for malignant cells ? a prostatectomy would be better for treating prostate enlargement caused by the mutation and uncontrollable multiplication of the cells of the prostate gland.

Technology has made it easier for this surgery to be carried out for all kinds of men, generally reducing the overall risk and allowing for quicker recoveries. Perhaps the best and most recent is GreenLight laser therapy, a surgical procedure that does pretty much the same thing as a TURP, but one that make it possible for the patient to head back home even the same day, be back on his feet by the next day, and even be back at work a couple of days later.

Back in June ’92 the FDA approved the first drug for treating BPH, finasteride. Sold as Proscar, the drug produced only modest benefits in small numbers of men, but it also offers an alternative the invasive TURP. Today there is also Doxazosin Mesylate, a prescription drug used to treat high blood pressure but one that has also found use in treating symptoms associated with prostate enlargement. And then there is a third medication, that works in pretty much the same way as the previous, Terazosin. Terazosin eases prostate problems by relaxing muscles in the urinary tract to relieve problems of urine flow, which may include a frequent urge to urinate, painful urination, and urinary tract infections. These drugs however also cause general complications like a decreased libido, ejaculation disorders, and impotence.

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