Bone Cancer Prostate – Prostrate Cancer and Bone Cancer

June 24, 2009 by  
Filed under Prostate Cancer

This article looks into the relationship between bone cancer and prostrate cancer, including other related information such as prostate cancer bone metastasis and even stage IV prostate cancer bone Mets.

Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is a malignant tumor that involves the skeletal system sometimes caused by tumors that arise directly within the bones or joints, called primary malignant tumors or sarcomas. They include osteosarcomas, chondrosarcomas, malignant fibrohistiocytomas and fibrosarcomas, and lymphomas and Ewing’s sarcoma. The region surrounding the knee accounts for most tumors, slightly more common in men than in women. The primary symptom of standard bone cancer is a slowly growing mass, not painful to touch, but causing a dull discomfort that persists especially at night. Diagnosis can be made by x-ray examination, radionuclide bone scans, computerized axial tomography (CAT) scans, or arteriography. A biopsy confirms the presence of the cancer if all else fails.

Once diagnosed, treatment is based on knowledge that more than 80 percent of the patients will have metastases elsewhere in the body by the time of diagnosis. Therapeutic radiology is often a first choice; otherwise chemotherapy can be used to destroy small blood-borne metastases before surgery. Amputation is often necessary though, because preserving the infected limb is only possible if the tumor is detected before it has invaded the surrounding nerves and blood vessels.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the malignancy of the prostate gland. Its exact causes are not known, but its risk factors are age, genetics, race, diet, lifestyle, medications, and other factors. There are no symptoms in its initial stages, but indicators eventually include difficult or painful urination; frequent urination, especially at night; and blood in the urine or semen. Pain in lower back, pelvis, or upper thighs, which commonly appear in later stages of the disease often tells that it has spread to the ribs, pelvis, and other bones.

Diagnosing prostate cancer often involves a digital rectal examination, a prostate-specific antigen test, and usually a biopsy to confirm the presence of the disease. That done, staging is often necessary to determine metastasis, requiring most of the other tests done for bone cancer. Treatment may vary from watchful waiting, to prostatectomy, to radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, immunotherapy, and sometimes high-intensity focused ultrasound depending on the merits of the case.

It is common for metastatic malignant tumors originating elsewhere in the body, such as prostate cancer, to invade the bones or joints, usually by way of the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. These are called metastases and not bone cancer. This is also called prostate bone cancer, by lots of people because of the bone metastasis of the prostate cancer.

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