Whats Prostate Cancer Treatments That Cure

There are so many prostate cancer treatments that a patient might have trouble keeping abreast of them all. The thing about these treatments for the disease is that they all have various limits to which they can provide remedy for the disease, and they all have certain side effects that some patients may not be comfortable with.

The most important thing to note in deciding on treatment however is that the early stages of prostate cancer can be cured, but later (advanced) stage disease cannot. There are other factors too that have to be put into consideration, such as the sentiment of the patient, his state of health, and such the like, but disease stage is most important.

What most people would argue to be the best treatments for prostate cancer are prostatectomy and radiation therapy. This is because these two are often carried out in early stage disease with the intention of curing the condition.

Prostatectomy is a surgery during which the prostate gland is removed in order to remove the tumor growing within it. It is a straightforward process that may be varied by incision or procedure, but one with such side effects as impotence and incontinence.

Radiation therapy may be given at any stage of the disease, but for early stage prostate cancer it is often internal (brachytherapy), or sometime combined with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Ionizing radiation from a linear accelerator or from surgically implanted radioactive seeds attacks the DNA in cells in the body and makes them more predisposed to apoptosis (programmed cell death).

The problem with radiation is exposure, because other (normal) cells in body also suffer from the damage done by the rays. However they can recuperate while the cancerous cells cannot; but the patient is going to have to deal with radiation proctitis for a while before the symptoms fade.

The side effects of radiation treatment for prostate cancer are diarrhea and mild rectal bleeding from the proctitis, as well as incontinence and impotence.

The limitations of radiation therapy and radical prostatectomy have caused for other procedures to the sought after that may provide cure for prostate cancer with fewer complications. Nerve sparring attempts to reduce the risk of impotence, and cryosurgery (which is indeed better) tries to reduce other complications like scars and blood loss, while also extending the time during which the patient might not suffer a relapse of the disease.

Using similar concepts to radiation treatment, proton therapy, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) all work by making it easier to specifically target tumors without doing damage to other parts of the body, this limiting side effects.

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