Treatments For Prostrate Cancer

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After a prostate cancer diagnosis has been confirmed, an oncologist first is saddled with the responsibility of determining what stage of progression the carcinoma is before deciding on the best course of treatment. Additionally, the age and general state of health of the patient have to be incorporated in the prostate carcinoma treatment decision making process.

ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE – this procedure refers to observing the patient with regular monitoring but without any invasive treatment, often employed for early stage, slow-growing prostate cancer. In certain instances, a man 70 years of age may be besotted with early-stage prostate kind of cancer, which progresses so slowly that he is likely to die of other causes before developing any real prostate cancer symptoms. In such a patient, surgery or other treatments may be considered unneeded as long as his condition is regularly monitored. This procedure, often called watchful waiting, may also be suggested if the risks of surgery, radiation therapy, or hormonal therapy to the patient outweigh the possible benefits that can be had by administering them. Should the symptoms start to develop, though, treatments can be started, as will as well be the case if suddenly there are signs that the growth of the carcinoma is accelerating.

Cancer specialist can tell if a patient’s condition is getting worse by checking for any telltale signs of rapidly rising PSA or increase in the Gleason score of the patient upon a repeat biopsy. Incidentally, close to 30% of fresh prostate cancer patients who happen to opt for active surveillance when they are in such early stage prostate tumors eventually do develop signs of tumor progression and have to move on to other therapies. Often this takes place within three years of the initial diagnosis, just so you know.

PROSTATECTOMY – this procedure is the surgical removal or reduction of the prostate gland, often proffered for many men over the age of 60 whose prostate glands tend to enlarge at that time. However, as a treatment for the condition, a prostatectomy may be performed, often in conjunction with radiation or when the sarcoma has failed to respond to radiation treatment. There are various forms of prostatectomy depending on the point used by the surgeon to gain access to the prostate; however the clearest distinctions are between radical prostatectomy and laparoscopic prostatectomy.

A surgeon employs the latter (laparoscopic prostatectomy) if they are properly trained, but also usually with the assistance of a surgical robot. Because it involves smaller incisions, less time in the hospital, and a faster recovery than standard prostatectomies, patients also tend to prefer this technique in which modern technologies like miniaturization, fiber optics, and a laparoscope make the prostate cancer surgery minimally invasive. The effort is often intended to cure the patient in the early stages of the malignancy. If the tumor is found to be benign, as is the case with BPH ? benign prostate hyperplasia, a transurethral resection of the prostate, or TURP, may be considered to remove the cancerous tissue using an apparatus inserted through the urethra.

The problem with prostatectomy is mostly the risk of impotence and urinary leakage, although it may be helpable by a procedure called nerve-sparing surgery to avoid damaging the nerves that control erection, the sparring might not work for carcinomas close to those nerves. The impotence can be partially corrected by medication pills like Viagra, Cialis, or Levitra.

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One Response to “Treatments For Prostrate Cancer”
  1. John Lee says:

    Can anyone tell me the robot name or companies that make the surgical robots so that I can do some research on this?

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