Prostate Cancer Symptoms And Treatment

Prostate cancer symptoms rarely ever appear in the early stages of the disease and would typically come only when the disease has advanced or is advancing to some degree. For that reason, even though the symptoms of the disease are still important and going to be dealt with, it is important to note early on that men should go for screening tests for the disease at least once a year in order to be able to catch the disease before it spreads and becomes difficult to treat.

The earliest symptoms of prostate cancer are perhaps increased urination at night. Soon enough the patient starts to feel pain while urinating and experience problems starting and maintaining a stream of urine. And then he might start to see blood in his urine. These problems often go concurrently with problems with sexual function or performance. There is painful intercourse, pain in ejaculation, and then bloom in ejaculate as well. No one takes that very likely at all.

And as though to prove that things really could get worse, prostate cancer on advancement can cause further symptoms, especially when the disease has spread from the prostate gland to other locations around the body. Swollen lymph nodes are common, and bone pain is even more common. Bone pain often starts in the pelvis, but soon it moves to the lower back, and then to the ribs. It can radiate downwards too, moving to the proximal part of the femur, for instance. And worse still, metastatic prostate cancer cells could build up and press against the spinal cord in the vertebral column, causing other problems such as leg weakness and incontinence – both fecal and urinary. 

Treatment of prostate cancer can take any number of routes, depending on how far the disease has advanced before it is discovered, how healthy the patient is overall, and perhaps the age of the man. Prostate cancer diagnosed early can be cured by removing the prostate gland entirely in a surgical process called radical prostatectomy, or it can be damaged sufficiently for the tumor cells that constitute it to die using radiation therapy. A large tumor may be caused to shrink by hormonal therapy first before being operated upon or irradiated… as long as the cancer is still in the prostate.

There are other treatments too that may cure early stage prostate cancer and assure at least five years without relapse. Cryotherapy, proton therapy, and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are examples of such. Treatment of advanced stage prostate cancer is however only to provide palliation for the patient, by prolonging the life of the patient, slowing the disease progression, delaying the symptoms, and relieving pain. To that end chemotherapy and hormonal therapy can be used, with some pain relievers to manage the pain due to bone metastasis of the disease.

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