Prostatectomy Prostate Cancer – Its Effectiveness And Side Effects

A prostatectomy is a surgical procedure in which the prostate gland is removed, usually in order to effectively treat a case of prostate cancer. It is one of the most common conventional treatments for the said disease, employed especially in the early stages, or as a salvage therapy for a cancer that has been unsuccessful treated previously by radiation therapy.

Most prostatectomies are carried out by the surgeon making an incision in the abdomen of the patient in order to be able to reach the organ, called radical retropubic prostatectomy; other types have to be carried out through the perineum, the skin between the scrotum and the anus, called radical perineal prostatectomy; and a third makes use of small incisions in the abdomen, using a laparoscope sometimes assisted by a surgical robot, sometimes not. This third is called laparoscopy or a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Generally, it relies on more of modern technology by way of miniaturization, fiber optics, and so on, being minimally invasive.

Prostatectomy is generally performed with the intent to cure a patient of prostate cancer, but sometimes the intention may be to slow down the progression of the disease in order to prolong the life of the patient. This occurs in instances, when the disease is quite advanced and cure is hardly in consideration any longer.

Prostatectomy wouldn’t be one of the foremost prostate carcinoma remedies if it was not an effective treatment ? at least it won’t remain one for so long. Many patients treated with this surgical removal of the prostate organ find themselves living five and even ten years after the operation without a relapse of the cancer. As a matter of fact, there are several men in the United States today who are still alive 15 years after the operation, but oncologists and urologists would hardly make so bold as to stake such claims, preferring to remain professionally skeptical about the cure and survival rates of prostatectomy.

That said, prostate cancer surgery is not without its drawbacks, the most common serious complications being loss of urinary control (incontinence) and impotence (erectile dysfunction). In most cases, men who undergo surgery for their prostate malignant tumor never remain the same after the procedure. Some several have to remain on diapers for a long while, and most are never quite able to achieve an erection without assistance again. Nerve sparring may be used during surgery to reduce the risk of complications, but when the tumors are too close to the nerves in question, this can hardly work. However, sexual intercourse may still be possible with Viagra, VED pumps, or injections to the side of the penis.

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