Prostate Cancer Surgery Treatment

There are several surgical procedures that you could undergo in the treatment of prostate cancer, but even before you get that far, you first have to be certified that you are indeed worthy to be operated upon. In deciding this, there are a number of factors that need to be considered- such as your medical history, your age, your current health status, and most importantly, the stage of development or metastasis of the cancer, which may require a PSA ? prostate specific antigen ? count to determine its extent or existence. This is extremely critical because surgeries of any kind are always considered to comprise some element of risk, and the doctor never wants to put their patient at risk unless there is no way it can be avoided.

There are other factors that come into play, such as the possibility that you may have a thing about blades and needles or about surgeries in particular, or you could have some kind of inherent adverse reaction or sensitivity to the anesthetics that could be used during your surgery. In addition to staging your prostate cancer, the surgeon is often most meticulous about taking down an adequate medical history before performing an operation on you. Only when they are certain that you are in the clear, or when they are sure that there is no other way around it without further risk to your life or limb, will they commence with the surgery.

Often, a prostatectomy is considered first and foremost, in which the prostate gland is surgically removed. If the tumor is not so advanced, they might consider a simpler version of the procedure called a laparoscopic prostatectomy, which involves smaller incisions. The big advantage with this is that it allows you less time in the hospital and a faster recovery. If however your condition is considered critical enough, you may have to undergo the standard prostatectomy.

Another kind of surgery used in the treatment of prostate cancer is the transurethral resection of the gland, which involves removing cancerous tissue with an instrument that is inserted through the urethra. Because it is highly risky, an improvement on this procedure, known as nerve-sparring may be considered to avoid damaging the nerves that control erection.

A third type of surgical treatment for prostate cancer involves some variation of radiotherapy, known as brachytherapy. Traditionally, radiotherapy is not surgery, but this enhancement of the technique, also known as internal radiotherapy, involves the insertion of radioactive material sealed in seeds into the prostate through surgical incisions so that the radiation can act from within and kill the nodules or stop them from growing. Usually, it is used when the cancer is not too advanced.

The thing about prostate cancer treatment surgeries is that they basically can cause impotence and urinary leakage, especially if the cancer occurs close to critical nerves. Healthy nearby tissues may also be damaged, and this may not even be noticed until after surgery, and then, it might be too late to make corrections.

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