Prostate Cancer Radiation Treatment

Whether you are looking specifically for prostate cancer radiation treatment or Cleveland Clinic Radiation dose for prostate cancer, or even early hormone therapy radiation for prostate cancer, this article will prove helpful.

Prostate cancer has many known treatments, all of which are wholly accepted by the medical community. Radiation treatment is one of them, a procedure that has been in use in the treatment of the condition for a while now, and one of the most trusted cures for prostate cancer. It is employed as an alternative to surgery in many cases, using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.

Radiation prostate cancer treatment, or radiation therapy, may be used alone as the treatment of choice in this cancer of the prostate gland with the intended to effect of curing the malignancy. It is however also used in combined modality therapy, in conjunction with other cancer-treatment drugs for either cure or the relief of symptoms (palliative care), especially in instances when the cancer has spread far beyond the reaches of the prostate. Another application of the procedure has its use either before or shortly after a prostatectomy with the aim of destroying the tumor cells that could metastasize beyond the surgical margins for the operation. It controls local tumor recurrence after surgery and can also treat non cancerous tumors and growths.

One form of radiation, external beam radiation therapy, uses radiation from a machine called the linear accelerator onto the prostate. Using the new improved IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) the radiation beam can be adjusted to conform with the shape of the tumor, allowing higher doses to be administered with less damage to the bladder and rectum. The treatment often takes several weeks to complete and generally causes side effects that eventually fade off a couple of months later. The IMRT helps to produce fewer side effects.

Brachytherapy, another form of prostate cancer radiation treatment known as internal radiation therapy, uses radioactive material sealed in tiny “seeds” that are inserted into the prostate. This permanent prostate implant brachytherapy has become a popular treatment choice for patients with low to intermediate risk features because it can be performed on an outpatient basis, and is associated with good 10-year outcomes with relatively low morbidity. About a hundred of the small “seeds” are inserted with a needle through the skin of the perineum directly into the tumor to emit lower-energy x-rays able to travel a short distance an provide reduced risk of radiation exposure. Performed under local anesthesia, brachytherapy spares healthy, nearby tissue and is effective for men with early-stage prostate cancer.

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