Early Hormone Therapy Radiation for Men with Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a debilitating disease that is characterized by metamorphosis of the cells of the prostate gland, a critical organ of the male reproductive system that helps to provide the semen fluid in which sperms float/swim. This malady is usually slow growing, making it possible sometimes for other diseases to overtake it and cause the patient’s demise even before its symptoms appear. Albeit, the augmentation of cancerous prostate cells can sometimes be alarmingly rapid as well, to the end that even the best treatments available may be powerless to arrest it.

The symptoms of prostate cancer are absent in the early stage of the disease, but as it progresses and the tumor grows, it first causes prostate enlargement, which results in a blockage of the urethra and causes pain in urination and in sexual intercourse. There are men who instead of having trouble urinating in this phase of the disease, they end up urinating even more frequently; but most men do end up seeing traces of blood in their urine and semen. Soon the pain migrates to other parts of the body as the disease spreads through the bloodstream, via the lymph nodes.

Such metastatic prostate cancer cells often prefer to attack the bones, so that the patient begins to feel a lot of pain in the pelvic area, the femur, the bones of the spinal column, and in his ribs. Late stage or advanced prostate malignant cancer causes even more intense pain, weakness in the legs, and fecal and urinary incontinence as the melanomas begin to amass against the pliability of the spinal cord.

There are several treatments that are used to cure and/or manage prostate cancer, what counts in deciding which method to employ is mostly the point at which the disease is diagnosed, the intuition of the physician in charge, and the disposition of the patient. They could choose any kind of surgery ranging from prostatectomy to cryosurgery; they could decide to treat the patient with chemotherapeutic drugs or with some kind of hormonal manipulation; or they could simply put the patient in a radiation therapy program.

Hormone treatment for men for prostate cancer is also a common option for intervening on the disease because it is found that this condition is one of those forms of cancer that relies heavily on the sexual hormones in the patient’s body to grow and spread. As a result, the focus of hormone treatment or hormonal therapy is to starve the cancer of these hormones, the most implicated of which as testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone, and dihydrosterone, all secreted by the adrenal glands.

One form of hormonal therapy employs surgical means to remove the glands that produce the hormones that fuel prostate cancer. Another form of the therapy relies on the effect of drugs to stop the body’s production of these endocrine chemicals so that the carcinoma begins to shrink and die. This treatment however is only most effective in the early stages of the disease before metastasis is fully in gear; however, even in some advanced stages, hormone treatment can still be used to reduce the size of the tumors so that the oncologist can operate or irradiate with x- or gamma rays.

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