Possible Prostate Cancer Treatments for Someone That Is Newly Diagnosed
You should know that there are lots of options that can be applied to treat your prostate cancer.
The particular treatments applied will depend on a lot of factors which may include: the stage of the cancer, your overall health conditions, the treatments you have undergone previously, your Gleason Score, etc.
However, the aim of all treatment is to ensure that you get relieved of the symptoms and go on with your life.
Prostate cancer affects many men and 1 in 36 of these men die of the symptoms. The good thing is that many types of treatments have been developed to treat symptoms and stages of prostate cancer. Most of these have been effective in helping the patient live a quality live.
If this is your first time of being diagnosed with this condition, then you should be aware of the possible treatments the doctor, oncologist, or urologist would likely recommend for you.
Active Surveillance or Watchful waiting – This is not particularly a “treatment” par se. It a process whereby the doctor will choose to monitor the development of the tumor detected in your prostate. Cancer of the prostate is a slow growing tumor and may not manifest clear symptoms at the early stages.
As a result of this fact, the doctor will recommend watchful waiting to monitor its progress and growth. This is applied when the cancer has not become a threat. Also, it is often recommended for old men that are too weak to undergo hectic treatments like surgeries or radiations, etc.
Surgical procedures – Surgery can be recommended to get rid of infected prostate gland. This is applied to prevent the spread of the cancer to other parts of the body. There are different surgical approaches that can be applied and these include:
- open radical retropubic prostatectomy
- Radical perineal prostatectomy
- Robotic- Assisted Radical Prostatectomy
- Nerve-Sparing Surgery
- Laparoscopic Prostatectomy
Radiation therapies – These are different methods in which high intensity rays are focused on the cancer cells to destroy it. This approach could be internal or external. Types of radiation therapy include:
- External beam radiation therapy
- Radioactive seed implants
- Proton therapy
Hormone therapy – These types of treatments are applied to inhibit the production of androgen or testosterone in the body. It has been scientifically proven that the hormone testosterone promotes the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, treatments are provided to reduce this hormone in the body. This is usually applied when treating advanced prostate cancer. Examples of hormone therapy include:
- Anti androgen medications
- Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists
Cryotherapy – This treatment involves the use of extreme freezing temperature to destroy the cancerous cells on the prostate. It is applied with the use of special probes inserted into the body. These rods contain liquid nitrogen or argon gas.
These are the known types of treatments that could be prescribed to treat your prostate cancer. While some are effective for early stages of prostate cancer, others are more effective with advanced stage cancer. Combination of treatments can still be recommended for treating some forms of advanced prostate cancer.
Finally, you must know that each treatment of prostate cancer carries side effects. So, you should find out from your doctor these side effects and how best you can handle them. Moreover, erectile dysfunction, incontinence, fatigue, etc are some of the side effects you should expect in prostate cancer treatments.
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