Latest Prostate Cancer Treatments

All across the world, there are several different approaches and philosophies that are used in the treatment of various diseases, and they include both mainstream and unconventional techniques. There are those that are generally accepted by the majority of the populace, and there are those remedies that only a handful are intent upon. This article looks at the more common conventional treatments for prostate cancer.

Prostatectomy – the surgical removal of the prostate gland is often given in the early stage of the disease when the cancer is still confined to the prostate gland. It is effective in that it takes out the tumor once and for all, but it may leave the patient impotent or incontinent for a while? which may be a long time. The incision may be done through the abdomen or the perineum in order to get the tumor out.

Hormonal therapy – because it is now established that prostate cancer feeds on DHT (dihydrotestosterone) to progress, the production of this hormone in the body can be hindered to cause the cancer to cease growing and perhaps even shrink. This is done either by surgically removing the testicles (orchiectomy), or chemotherapeutically interrupting the DHT synthesis process. It is not a definitive cure, but it can be helped by surgery or radiotherapy, and it can be used to slow disease progression in later stages of the carcinoma.

Radiation therapy – employing ionizing radiation to kill prostate cancer cells in the prostate is helpful actually in all stages of the disease. It can be administered by radioactive ‘seed’ implants in the prostate (brachytherapy), or by external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). There are side effects, but they generally fade with time as the radiation exposure wears out.

Chemotherapy – this is usually reserved for late stage metastatic prostate malignant tumor because it is only most effective then. It is the use of specific drugs in prostate cancer treatment such that the drugs invade the bloodstream and kill off all the rapidly dividing cells in there, which is perfect for when the spreading mutations are all over the innards of the patient.

Watchful waiting – this is given to a patient that is diagnosed with early stage disease at seventy years or older. This cancer of the prostate is a slow growing disease, and at that age, it is very possible that the patient would age and die of other causes before the symptoms of this latest malady get him. To this end, he is being observed just be sure that the carcinoma does not pick up pace on the hope that he is spared the horror of radiation therapy or prostatectomy.

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