Cost of Prostate Cancer Surgery and Procedure

There are quite a few prostate cancer treatment surgeries that are carried out on patients with the disease, and the choice of which one to administer depends heavily on the age of the patient and the extent of development of the disease in them, their medical history and the possibility of an adverse side reaction to the procedure, and generally, the discretion of the surgeon. Often the cost of prostate cancer surgery and the procedure itself depends on the level of expertise of the surgeon performing the operation, the complexity of the surgery itself, and also the geographical area in question, because prices may vary with respect to state and locality, and the demand for the doctor’s services.

Prostatectomy

This is the surgical removal of the prostate itself, common for early stage prostate cancer, or for cancer that has failed to respond to radiation therapy. It could be a radical retropubic prostatectomy, which is when the operation is done through an abdominal incision; or a radical perineal prostatectomy, which is when it is done through an incision in the perineum ? the skin between the scrotum and anus.

A radical prostatectomy is best for tumors that have not metastasized to other parts of the body. It can be performed laparoscopically, through a series of small incisions in the abdomen, with or without the assistance of a surgical robot.

Transurethral Resection

The Transurethral Resection of the Prostate, usually referred to as the TURP, is a surgical procedure performed when the urethra is blocked by prostate enlargement. TURP is generally used on benign prostate cancer tumors and is not considered to be a definitive treatment effective against a malignant prostate cancer. All it entails is a small instrument call the cystoscope being placed into the penis and the blocking prostate being cut away in the process. The cancerous tissue can be removed in this manner.

Orchiectomy

This is also another prostate cancer surgery that is used in the event that the disease has metastasized beyond the prostate. It may involve the removal of the testicles to decrease testosterone levels in the body and control the growth of the tumors, often used in conjunction with some other kind of hormone therapy.

Cryosurgery

Still largely an experimental procedure, but one that shows great promise, cryosurgery involves the prostate being exposed to freezing temperatures. Less invasive than radical prostatectomy, metal rods are inserted under ultrasound guidance through the skin of the perineum into the prostate, freezing the surrounding tissue at about -186 °C, causing the cells to freeze and die. Potential side effects: impotence. Actually, almost all the time.

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