Tips On Prostate Cancer More Tests Diagnosis

One of the most important factors responsible for the survival of any prostate cancer victim is the early detection of the cancer. And what greatly influences the early detection is the prostate cancer tests that diagnose the condition. While some people find information such as prostate cancer more tests diagnosis, what they are actually looking for is the kinds of tests and/or diagnosis that can help them detect prostate cancer in good time. 

Opinions may differ but the first and most important prostate cancer more tests that help to diagnose prostate cancer include:

  • Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test

Now, let’s look at each of these tests one after the other to help you fully understand them and what they are really all about. 

Digital Rectal Examination (DRE): The doctor performs this prostate cancer test by putting his gloved finger right into the rectum to feel if there’s any abnormal growth or tumor in the prostate. This usually feels quite uncomfortable, but it’s very important and can help to detect prostate cancer in good time. Also, the good thing about Digital Rectal examination test is that it’s not painful. 

If there’s cancer in the prostate gland, the doctor will find something knobbly or hard when he examines it. Also, it can be enlarged, smooth and firm (in the case of benigh prostate hyperplasia). 

But of course, this should not be the only way to test for prostate cancer because sometimes cancer might be present in the prostate but the doctor won’t feel anything. That’s why the second method of prostate cancer more test diagnosis is neccessary and in this case it is…

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: This goes much further than the DRE test. It involves checking of the  victim’s blood sample for PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen), which is a kind of protein that’s producted by one’s prostate. It is usually a tiny amount and is located in the blood. 

If you have prostate cancer and this test is carried out on you, you will have more PSA in your blood. But of course, like lots of things in life, this test is not 100% reliable, usually because of the high rates of PSA levels in men as they get older. But the good news is that if this is the case, it’s a good sign that prostate cancer just might be around the corner and it’s a good way of detecting prostate cancer fast.

To diagnose prostate cancer, the following tests will then be carried out in the hospital:

Trans-rectal ultrasound scan (TRUS): This ultrasound scan is used to scan and measure the size as well as the density of the prostate. NOTE that unlike the DRE, this can be somewhat painful.

Biopsy: This is usually the most important determinant whether prostate cancer exists or not. When the above tests show some suspicion of cancer, biopsy will be carried out. Biopsy involves the taking of several tissue samples (around 10) from the victim’s prostate for examination under a microscope.

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