Psa Level Prostate Cancer – What You Have Not Been Told

The prostate specific antigen is a protein or enzyme that is naturally produced in human beings. Until recent times it was believed that only men had this organ and thus the substance, but recent findings have proven otherwise. However, the amount of the chemical in the male body under normal conditions is significantly lower than or at worst equal to 4.0ng/ml. When the level is above that point, something is wrong and it could be prostate cancer.

Some patients rely wholly on the results of the PSA test to tell if they have prostate malignant tumor, but this is highly inappropriate because other disorders that affect the prostate gland ? BPH (benign prostate hypertrophy), prostatitis, and a number of infections and inflammations – may also cause a spike in the blood level of PSA. As a matter of fact, other organs in the body have actually been found to also secrete PSAs, so that the name may not even be ideal anymore.

But with all of these, once there is a rise in the level of prostate specific antigens in the body, there may be some cause for concern- at least until a biopsy is carried out of the organ and the final results come in. Usually even the pros don’t worry much for men younger than 45 years old because the disease is not common among them. Only about 1 in 10,000 men under 45 ever get diagnosed with the disease anyway; and with as many as 63 in 100 men over 65 likely to be diagnosed, oncologists and urologist understandably focus their screening programs on men older 50 years old.

If the disease was caught early enough it can be treated and cured, but late stage or advanced prostate cancer victims may not be so lucky. There are some forms of prostate carcinomas that do not result in a rise in PSA levels in the blood of the patient, making it extremely difficult to detect them until they are in the latter stages; there are also some patients in whom the blood PSA levels continue to rise in spite of their best efforts and treatments. Such men may not be helpable outside of palliation.

The various treatments are generally targeted toward slowing PSA doubling times or even causing the PSA to drop to zero after treatment. In prostate cancer cure, for instance, a man who has just undergone an early stage radical prostatectomy should not have any of the enzymes in his bloodstream a few short weeks after the therapy. If he does, something is wrong and he may require other measures to further test for metastasis, or he may simply need to start some aggressive combined therapy to stop disease progression because he might have an aggressive form of prostate type of cancer.

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