Prostate Cancer Staging – Systems Used To Classify

Of course you know that you don’t take treatment for a disease that you do not have; and the same applies largely if you do not know how badly you suffer from a disease. For instance, you never go after a mosquito with a sawed-off shotgun, and you most certainly never take a table knife to a lion. Really, it’s all about appropriation – ensuring that the right situation gets the right kind of attention; and that is precisely what you have to do with prostate cancer.

You really don’t get any symptoms from the disease in its early stages, and by the time you start to feel the discomfort of prostate cancer symptoms, it must be starting to encroach on other organs in your body, especially your bones; hence prostate cancer metastasizing to your bones. Even if that has not started, they still have to check to make sure that it has not happened. That is why after any prostate cancer diagnosis, the physician often needs to carry out more tests to determine if the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland, because the later-stage cancers that have spread farther to your tissues and other parts of your body generally require the more aggressive prostate cancer treatments.

Steps in prostate cancer staging

Computed tomography and bone scans – the tomography is intended to evaluate the spread of the disease, and the bones scans generally are meant to determine the rate or extent of metastasis into the bones.

Microscopic examination – it is common also to have lymph glands from the pelvis surgically removed and examined under the glare and scrutiny of a microscope to check for cancerous cells. In a similar vein, the doctor or pathologist can extract or collect a sample of fluid from the glands that secrete semen, the seminal vesicles, and examine it also for cancerous cells.

Digital imaging – not the movie type, often diagnostic processes involve taking snapshots of your innards with the aid of various machines such as the MRI “magnetic resonance imaging” to reveal the presence of cancerous tumors in organs that cannot be reached by any more ease.

Radionuclide bone scans – when specifically looking for metastatic prostate cancer cells in the bones, a radionuclide bone scan may just be your best tool. They inject a tiny amount of radioactive substance into a vein, which collects in the bones’ hot spots; where there is sure to be unusual activity as the cancer cells are expanding. During the process, you lie on a table passing beneath the scanner as images are made to outline the hot spots as they show up.

The bone scan and prostate cancer go together to a large extent because there simply is no better way to determine how wide the disease has spread, and as a result, how much treatment is necessary to effectively arrest the disease. You will do well to at least let the doctor do what they must in order to save you.

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