Prostate Cancer More Tests Diagnosis and Long Term Treatment

Even if you are interested in learning specifically about prostate cancer longevity and whether or not advanced prostate cancer longevity is possible, this article will prove helpful.

You see, getting a prostate cancer diagnosis is easy once you are able to get yourself to the hospital and surrender yourself to the tests that the oncologist has to carry out in order to determine that the sarcoma is indeed there and what the stage currently is. Before then, you may not be able to tell that you even have the malignancy because you cannot feel for it by yourself, and prostate cancer lacks any early symptoms that will enable you to detect it. The best way is simply to turn up in hospital and let the specialists do their thing.

Diagnosis often begins with the DRE (direct rectal examination) in which the doctor has you bend over and they insert a gloved finger into your colon to feel against the prostate for signs of a tumor. Because even feeling such a tumor is not conclusive, they usually proceed to the PSA (prostate specific antigen) test which determines the level of this protein in your blood. Finally they confirm diagnosis with a biopsy of the prostate, before staging the disease and getting on with treatment if needed.

Deciding on treatment for prostate cancer must be commensurate with what can be said about the disease after diagnosis and staging because the treatments often have side effects that may be unpleasant, and it would be unfair to inadvertently expose a patient to them, and on the flipside, it could be even more dangerous and cruel to administer treatment that is insufficient to deal with the cancer.

Metastatic advanced stage IV prostate cancer is the worst that there can be, a condition in which the sarcomas have spread well beyond the prostate gland into several other tissues in the body, especially the lymphatic system and the bones. This also complicates staging because the oncologist often has to carry out a wide battery of tests to ascertain which parts of the body have been infected by the disease’s advancement. To manage this kind of prostate cancer, treatments often have to be combined so as to be sure that all the cancerous cells are killed and extracted.

Sometimes, long term treatment may be necessary for dealing with a particularly bad case of prostate cancer. Surgery for instance may be a viable option, but it becomes difficult if the disease has spread throughout the body. As a result, some form of chemotherapy and/or hormonal treatment may first be administered to slow the progression of the disease before radiation therapy is applied to kill the cancers. On many occasions, the surgery may still be applied to complete the treatment. When this is the case, the treatment usually has to be done in phases such that one phase is completed before another is commenced.

If the doctor fears that the disease is very likely to relapse, they would advocate added changes in lifestyle practices and diet, as well as the inclusion of exercise into the daily regimen of the patient. All this while, the treatment may yet continue.

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