Prostate Cancer Stage D – Symptoms And Treatments

Prostate cancer stage D is also referred to as stage IV and is considered the latest stage of the cancer in which the mutated cells from the prostate gland have uncontrollably multiplied to the extent that not being able to be contained by the prostate gland anymore they have now filtered through the bloodstream and lymphatic system, and migrated to far out locations in the body.

There actually are two parts to stage D prostate cancer. Stage D1 is an instance in which the cancer is only out of the organ of origin but it has not yet metastasized to further areas, at the moment, likely still located in the lymph nodes and in the pelvis. Stage D2 occurs when the cancer has spread out as far as even the ribs. Other bones that are often affected by this are the bone of the thigh, the bones of the vertebral column, and the bones of the ribs. It is also possible that the phalanges in the feet, and the skull, are affected as well.

Stage D prostate cancer occurs only in about 10 percent of all freshly diagnosed cases of this disease in the United States. This is because of more widespread screening and improved diagnostics that allow for the majority of cancer of the prostate to be diagnosed early. Because of better treatment techniques also, most prostate cancers are likewise curable, guaranteeing as much as ten years of cancer free living. Even late stage this cancerous tumor (stage D) is very well treatable; however specialists are never keen on a cure because of the extent of invasion of other body tissues.

Stage D disease is characterized mostly by weaknesses in the structure of the infected bones, which may lead to bone fractures. This occurs because the metastatic cancer cells have caused parts of the bones to increase in density, and other parts to weaken, the contrast resulting in a brittleness that eventually makes the bone vulnerable. This can be observed in a ribonucleic bone scan, which is often carried out in order to ‘stage’ the disease and determine the extent of damage done by the metastasis.

In order to stop the fractures from occurring, zoledronic acid is probably the best treatment. It is a biosphosphonate that has been shown to delay skeletal complications. Radiation treatment in patients with hormone refractory prostate cancer also may help delay some of the worst symptoms of this late stage of the disease. In order to reduce the bone pain that results, alphradin, oxydocone, and morphine may simply be the best bet for the patient. And to slow the progression of the disease while also increasing life expectancy, the doctor will likely settle for a radical prostatectomy.

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