Diagnosis And Treatment Health Prostate Cancer – Early Screening

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At the very best, one could argue that it is totally impossible to self diagnose for prostate cancer in the early stages of the disease, and the reason is pretty obvious ? there are no symptoms for early stage prostate type of cancer. Even when the symptoms do appear, they are synonymous with the various symptoms of aging that may even be construed as unreliable. At one time the disease was in fact considered to be a rare condition because of this very same fact.

For that reason, the various cancer study and research institutes in the United States, and even across the world, generally agree on one consensus ? that there is a need for carrying out to determine early on if a man has prostate disease or if he does not. If he does, it would be very helpful if the disease was diagnosed in the early stages because late stage disease is difficult to treat ? much less cure.

The most common screening test for prostate cancer is the PSA test. This requires the drawing of a small quantity of blood from the patient to be tested for the presence of a certain enzyme in the body known as the prostate specific antigen. If patient has prostate malignant tumor, he will have a higher blood PSA level than 4ng/ml, although the same may imply any number of other prostate disorders. A biopsy of the prostate gland will conclude the diagnostics either way.

But the PSA test is not often the first to be carried out: a digital rectal examination is often done first to determine if there might just be a tumor (or irregularity) in the prostate of the patient in question. During the DRE, the man bends over forward and the physician inserts a gloved finger into his rectum, much in the same way as colorectal cancer may be checked for. This way, the doctor feels the prostate for contours or tumors and will only proceed to the PSA test if he has reason to suspect that there might in fact be a tumor in there.

The definitive prostate cancer test is the biopsy which extracts tissue from the prostate gland to be examined underneath the microscope. More than just showing up mutated or abnormal cells in the tissue sample, the biopsy also helps to provide Gleason scores for the tumor, which aids in staging the disease and determining its level of aggression.

However because of the risk and invasiveness of the biopsy, other techniques for screening prostate disease are being explored. One such is a semen sample test, which has been suggested to be rather reliable although not yet confirmed; another is the study of protein patterns in the blood, which has not yet received much of a hearing either.

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