Prostate Cancer And Symptoms

Partly because prostate cancer is a melanoma that usually progresses slowly once the cells of the organ have started to mutate, the syndrome produces no symptoms in its initial stages. As a result many men in the United States tend to suffer from the disease for a number of years before they start to feel the symptoms, at which point it is largely too late to catch and diagnose it early so that the appropriate treatments can be administered.

When the warning signs of prostate cancer eventually do present themselves, it is often initially as a result of prostate enlargement in response to the growing sarcoma. Even though many patients start to suffer from increased and frequent urination, most of them begin to find the process extremely difficult and painful to the point where maintaining a steady stream becomes easier said than done at best. An enlarged prostate usually swells the urethra shut to cause these symptoms.

The frequent urination usually comes at night when the patient would rather be sleeping, and it is soon followed with blood in the urine or semen. The previous symptoms are evident of early stage prostate cancer; however when the blood starts to show, the carcinoma must have started to migrate into the bloodstream and lymphatic system. At this stage, the progression of the disease is often a lot faster and before long the metastatic cancerous cells invade the bones of the patient. Often this is when complaints of pain in the lower back, in the pelvis, and sometimes also in the upper thighs tend to come in; they indicate that this cancer cells have spread to the ribs, pelvis, and other bones.

It is possible in certain extreme cases for such prostate cancer symptoms actually to be as a result of other infections, prostate enlargement, or benign prostate hypertrophy, but that is not often the case. In any case, a patient should worry enough about himself to hurry in for diagnostics at this time, and in the clinic, the specialists can certainly confirm or allay his fears. Even though prostate enlargement is a natural result of the aging process, it is a lot more pronounced when a patient is suffering from prostate malignant cancer, and it should never be taken for granted.

In the early stages prostate cancer often has to be diagnosed by workups for an elevated PSA noticed during a routine checkup, but late stage disease is characterized by metastasis that makes in relatively easier to identify the spreading sarcoma. So after the frequent and increased urination at night, the difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, blood in the urine, and painful urination, the later stages of the disease are characterized by urinary dysfunction problems with sexual function and performance, such as difficulty achieving erection or painful ejaculation, and a lot of bone pain, often in the vertebrae. Metastatic disease in the spine often ends up compressing the spinal cord also, resulting in leg weakness and incontinence.

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