Highly Effective Therapies and Prostate Cancer

Outlined in this article you will find a good number of all the known prostate cancer treatment procedures that there are. This should provide you with the basic background information that you need to help you when you are trying to decide on which best course of treatment you should pursue. What you need to maintain at the back of your mind as you peruse through them is that the decision making is not up to you alone: the doctor is better informed and a lot more experienced in dealing with this melanoma than you are, and their opinion counts in no small way.

Surgery ? There are various types of surgeries used to remedy prostate cancer, otherwise known as prostatectomies, which include radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP), laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP), transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), orchiectomy, and cryosurgery.

Radiation therapy ? This technique attacks the cancerous tumors of prostate carcinoma with ionizing radiation, which kills them or at least stops their progression. There are mainly two types of radiation treatment that are used when dealing with prostate cancer. One is internal radiotherapy, also known as brachytherapy, which involves placing tiny radioactive seeds in the prostate gland using small incisions that leave no evidence of scaring once they are healed; the second is external radiation therapy, in which the radiation is applied from outside the body using a linear accelerator.

Hormone treatment ? Also known as hormonal therapy, this procedure involves killing mutant prostate cancer cells by depriving them of the hormones that they often use as fuels to propagate and metastasize. In one method of the procedure, the gland or organ secreting the hormones is surgically extracted from the body, in another pills and drugs are given that inhibit the patient’s production of the said endocrine chemicals. Consequently the tumor begins to shrink and die.

Chemotherapy ? This remedy when applied to prostate cancer directly attacks the tumors and kills them with the aid of chemotherapeutic drugs administered in pretty much the same way that the first form of hormone treatment is done.

Most of these treatments work best for early stage prostate cancer, but as the disease metastasizes through the body, it becomes more resistant and therapies often have to be merged or combined for best results. That is why there is still ongoing research for new therapies for metastatic prostate cancer and even alternative therapies for prostate cancer, in the bid to eventually cure the disease.

One such procedure is an improvement on the application of chemotherapy ? improved pills; another is immunotherapy, which bolsters the body’s immune system to combat prostate cancer cells. A third is cryosurgery, listed above, and generating great waves in the medical community. However, this technique is only applicable for early stage prostate cancer.

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