Compare Prostate Cancer Treatments

It’s sad to admit but there is no such thing as a surefire treatment for prostate cancer, especially because there are various forms in which cancer cells may mutate, and some cancerous cells may be particularly resistant to certain treatments and medications, such that they are of little or null effect. As a consequence, every patient of the disease ought to learn as much as they can about various prostate cancer treatment options and work with the doctors and oncologists to decide on the best remedies possible. It’s not just about how effective a treatment is, but this decision rests on various combinations of clinical and psychological factors that all must be taken into consideration in the decision making process.

Before going on to make a choice, you might want to know that even the worst of metastatic prostate cancer may still take several years to develop and you could be living with this decision for a long while. You might want to take a few deep breaths first; and then you want to talk to your urologist, your radiation oncologist, and your personal medical oncologist – three experts in prostate cancer treatment who can offer you their honest professional opinions and offer you the most comprehensive assessments that they can of the available treatments and the probable upshots. And even if they had more patients, they would do precisely the same thing: sit through it with them and make a decision.

Comparing the treatment options for prostate cancer

Active Surveillance (Watchful waiting) – They usually use this when the patient is well over seventy and only has early stage prostate cancer. Because the disease progresses slowly, and the patient could die of something else first, they can forgo surgery.

Prostatectomy – Surgery, in which the tumor is surgically extracted from the prostate. When the tumor is small, it is easy and might even be carried out using a laparoscope; when the tumor is not so small, or highly metastatic, other treatments have to be combined, such as hormonal therapy and radiotherapy.

There are other surgical procedures that are related to prostatectomy but are not exactly the same thing. One example is transurethral resection, especially used in dealing with benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH), in which the surgeon uses an endoscope to cut away the excess tissues. Another example is cryosurgery, in recent times gaining rave reviews because of its relative safety and assurance of fewer side effects, but limited itself by the complications of incontinence or impotence.

Radiation Therapy – This could be external beam radiation therapy or internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy). Depending on how much the disease has spread they have to decide on which is safest and best for the patient, using the radiation to kill off the cancerous cells. They could certainly also consider a varied type of radiation therapy for advanced or recurrent prostate cancer, but that would have to wait until the condition gets to that level, which they strongly hope it does not.

Hormone Therapy, Chemotherapy, and Immunotherapy all use drugs that are administered to attack the disease inside the body in some way or other. Hormone therapy attacks hormones that prostate cancer cells feed on, chemo attacks the cancers directly, and immunotherapy boosts your immune system to combat the cancers on its own.

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