If a man has been diagnosed of prostate cancer then there may be concern that the condition might have spread to other parts of the body.
Metastasized prostate cancer often causes lots of pains and discomforting symptoms for the individual. When there is spread of prostate cancer, one of the organs that is often of most concern for doctors is the bone.
In most cases of advanced spread, the tissues of the bones are affected by this type of cancer. Bone scan for prostate cancer is one of the most effective diagnostic means to determine how the cancer.
Bone scan is used by means of a small amount radioactive tracer injected into the blood. The tracer gives off some levels radioactivity which is later detected by a gamma camera, which reveals how the bones have been affected.
Bone scan for prostate cancer is done for many reasons and these include:
- It is done to identify the spread of prostate cancer to the tissues of the bone
- -It is applied to identify the areas of the bone that have been damaged through cancer, infection, or any other medical conditions
- It is done to detect fractures that could not be detected by early X-rays made.
- It is used to further evaluate areas of the bone that appear abnormal in other types of scans or tests. These other diagnostic tests could be computerized tomography (CT) scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), X-Ray and some other tests.
The importance of bone scan for prostate cancer cannot be overlooked. Results from this scan help the doctor identify the most effective treatment course to be applied for the man. The results of bone scan may show normal bone image, hotspots and cold spots.
Hot spots are areas that have readily absorbed the tracer and could indicated be caused other conditions like infection, fracture, arthritis, cancer, and other types of chronic bone diseases.
Cold spots are areas of the bone that did not absorb the tracer and could be as a result of certain types of cancer like multiple myeloma.
Prostate cancer affects many men today. It originates from the prostate gland and slowly spreads to other parts of the body. In some men, the cancer becomes aggressive and affects the bones.
Bone scan for prostate cancer is vital before the applying surgical procedure, radiotherapy, and other possible treatment options. You should find out more information about the need and process of bone scan if you have been diagnosed with cancer of the prostate. Your doctor can provide you with basic information in this regard.
Biopsy simply means a procedure in which the doctor uses some forms of specialized needles to extract samples of the skin cells for further investigations using a microscope.
This procedure is normally carried out to determine the cause or the level the tissue has been affected by a disease. If the doctor suspects that you could have prostate cancer, then biopsy may be recommended for you.
Although biopsy for prostate cancer may not be a comfortable procedure, its importance in diagnosing prostate cancer cannot be ignored. Here are basic points you should know about biopsy for prostate cancer.
As an opener, when cancer affects the tissues of the prostate gland, it becomes prostate cancer. This is a malignant tumor that originates from the walnut-sized tissue that lies below the bladder and near the rectum of men. The reason why prostate cancer originates is not known but the risk factors are age, ethnicity, diet, family history, etc. The condition causes a lot discomforting symptoms for the man. These discomforting symptoms include: Difficulties for the man in passing out urine, pains in the lower back, pains during urination, pain during ejaculation, etc.
Early diagnosis of prostate cancer can help in providing curative treatments when condition is still in the early stages. Biopsy is one of the early effective treatments for this disease.
Types of biopsy for prostate cancer
There are three types of biopsy usually carried out treat individuals with prostate cancer. These include: the transrectal, the transurethral, and the transperineal biopsies. The transrectal procedure is carried out by extracting prostate tissue through the anus, this is achieved with the use of a needle guided through a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). The transurethral procedure extracts the tissues through the urethra; a cystoscope is used to assist the doctor. The transperineal biopsy is performed after incisions have been made in the perineum (an area between the anus and the genital organs).
Important facts to note about biopsy for prostate cancer
It is a more realistic diagnostic means than other tests like the PSA test and the Digital Rectal Exam DRE. It helps to find the level of stage of the cancer in the body. However, there may be need for follow up diagnosis if the initial biopsies did not detect the cancer cells. Your doctor will give you some medications to reduce the pains during and after the treatment.
Finally, biopsy for prostate cancer is very important. However, it is possible for your doctor to ignore the use of biopsy if it is confirmed that the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland.
If you are confused or have asked the question of whether to go for biopsy for prostate cancer on not, this article can help answer your question.
Prostate cancer is a condition that affects 1 in 6 men, and as much as 30,000 men die of the diseases every year in America. It is a cancer that originates from the prostate gland and can spread to other parts of the body where it could damage vital organs.
This type of cancer disease affects only men because the prostate is only in men and it forms part of the reproductive system. For unknown reason the cells of the prostate begins to enlarge and multiply uncontrollably and this slowly spreads to other parts of the body.
The symptoms of prostate cancer include: difficulties in passing urine, pains when urinating, urgent need to urinate at night, blood in the urine, pain when having ejaculation, blood in semen, fatigue, pains in the lower parts of the body etc.
When diagnosing prostate cancer, several tests are made beginning with the prostate specific antigen test (PSA). This is a blood test that reveals the level of PSA, which is a protein produced by the prostate, in the blood. An elevated level of PSA signifies the existence of cancer in the prostate.
However, the PSA test is not always a reliable test, hence the need for biopsy. Biopsy refers to the procedure whereby the small samples of the prostate cells are extracted through surgical means and examined by a pathologist under a microscope.
This procedure could be painful because needles are used to extract the tissues. Also the doctor combines Transrectal Ultrasound or TRUS when conducting this procedure. TRUS helps to create video image of the prostate tissues so that the hand-held biopsy needle can be directed to extract the tissues for examination
Biopsy for prostate cancer is carried out if cancer of the prostate is suspected. The advantages of this procedure include:
- It provides more realistic result than the PSA test
- It is also a better form screening than the Digital Rectal Exam or DRE
- It shows the pathologist, oncologist, or urologist the stage of the cancer
- It helps to determine the best possible treatment to administer to the staging identified.
- It helps to determine the Gleason score of the cancer
Finally, biopsy for prostate cancer is necessary as it can help the doctor to be more realistic with the diagnosis. Although the procedure could be painful, the use of anesthetics and other pain relievers can help you cope with.
Prostate biopsy can take only 15 minutes for the tissues to be extracted. Ask your doctor for more information about this condition.